Health: helping to improve public health
The healthcare industry is using GIS to help improve the health of the population. This means that services can be tailored and targeted to community needs and the outcome can be monitored - find out how below:
It is well known that where you live, work and play impacts your health.
A core capability of GIS is its ability to underpin health analytics and to complement the science of epidemiology. Using GIS, health analysts can build a 'health map', combining local environment information with data about local residents and their health conditions. The layers and spatial relationships depicted on this map can help to highlight clear links between environmental factors, demographics, behaviour and the health trends within a region. This information is invaluable in driving more tailored services and strategies.
Listen to the Podcast about Spatial Epidemiology
Community intelligence and transparency
Local Authorities throughout the UK already use ArcGIS to manage their business. By integrating the world of community and health intelligence, GIS has the power to join up business processes with actionable intelligence to help bring about the transformation required in public health. Moreover, by creating metrics and dashboards for policymakers, service commissioners and the public, it converts health information with a location element into intelligence that can be easily understood and acted upon.
A health map demonstrating the spatial variability of multiple variables such as population, incidence of disease or deprivation measure.
The West Midlands Cancer Intelligence Unit, for example, gathers and analyses a wealth of information about cancer among the local population, in order to better understand the disease and develop better preventative and remedial care. It works with Esri GIS tools to visualise the geographical aspects of cancer data and relate it to environmental and socio-economic factors.