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By way of reliable, verifiable spatial analysis and visualisation, GIS helps solid earth scientists, such as geologists, ecologists, foresters, agricultural scientists and terrestrial conservation biologists, answer a myriad of questions about spatial patterns and what process is responsible for those patterns. GIS is also a modern platform for the open sharing of data and compelling science communication at many scales: individual researchers, lab workgroups, multi-departments, multi-universities, university-to-agency collaborations and citizen engagement.

The earth beneath our feet


New capabilities in ArcGIS Pro enable geologists and geophysicists to view and slice seismic reflection profiles and associated geological cross-sections for a better understanding of the subsurface. (Data: Dutch Geological Survey, Visualisation: Nathan Shephard)

ArcGIS Pro

Ecological Land Units


Ecological Land Units are a massive biophysical stratification of terrestrial Earth at an unprecedented resolution of 250 m. The result is a first-ever global map of distinct physical environments and their associated land cover, all in support of planning, management and ecosystem services assessment.

Experience the ELU apps
Try applications that make use of Ecological Land Units for exploration and analysis.
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Stemming the decline in Britain’s biodiversity
One of the largest landowners in the UK, the National Trust is now playing a vital role in helping to stem the decline in Britain’s biodiversity
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Research article via Wiley Online Library
Read the article "Modeling global Hammond landform regions from 250‐m elevation data."
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Research article via BioOne
Read the article "A New High-Resolution Map of World Mountains and an Online Tool for Visualizing and Comparing Characterizations of Global Mountain Distributions."
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NASA Earth Science Technology Office


This office fosters and supports experiments and prototypes with multidimensional solid earth science datasets, often in collaboration with Esri.

British Geological Survey

Geologists across the UK are using GIS to study current landscapes, uncover the history of ice-age floods and manage mineral resources. The British Geological Survey (BGS) has over 400 datasets that include environmental monitoring data, digital databases, physical collections (borehole core, rocks, minerals and fossils), records and archives.

Intelligent Water Systems

Ensuring access to a clean, reliable water source is critical. Use ArcGIS software to understand impacts to the natural system, and preserve water quantity and quality. Strong mapping and analytics combined with easy-to-use apps allow you to see how today's actions affect tomorrow's water system.

Polar Geospatial Center

The Arctic and Antarctic are both leading indicators of climate change. Shifts that will eventually affect the entire planet are among the most readily visible there, and understanding these shifts is crucial. Esri partners with the University of Minnesota Polar Geospatial Center to share rich elevation models with the government and scientific communities.    

Blog posts: Climate and data science

Don't miss these detailed, informative, and insightful blog posts from Kevin Butler, writing on the intersection of climatology with spatiotemporal analytics and machine learning.

Case Study

Protecting a spectacular natural lanscape


In one of the most scenic regions of Scotland, Loch Lomond has accomplished a big transformation in the way they record data in the field.

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